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Was Nehru chargeable for Kashmir drawback?

Mythmaking is frequent in each society. However spinning lies is, altogether a unique sport, and that is typical for the Hindutva flag bearers, who as a rule bask in it. The primary Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, has been the worst sufferer. Lately, Nehru was the goal of a marketing campaign that held him responsible of constructing grave errors on the Kashmir problem. None aside from the Regulation Minister of the nation, Kiran Rijiju, has written an article on the subject in an English each day, and since then, a number of opinion items and tales making Nehru the villain of Kashmir have appeared in digital and print media.

It wants no elaboration that manufacturing historical past has been an necessary agenda merchandise for the RSS household. The trade has grown out of bounds on this period of post-truth, and a serious a part of it survives on the condemnation of Muslims, their historical past, their tradition, and their function in modern India. Naturally, those that consider in composite tradition are within the line of fireside. Nehru, being the foremost amongst them, is a first-rate goal.

Is Nehru actually chargeable for making the Kashmir drawback advanced? What precisely is the basis reason behind the issue? What had been the RSS, the Hindu Mahasabha, and its chief VD Savarkar truly doing on the time? Why was Kashmir’s Maharaja delaying accession? Have been the British impartial observers or the true culprits?

All these questions must be examined of their correct context. The examination ought to be based mostly on info, not lies. If we now have to seek for the true reason behind the Kashmir drawback, we have to analyze the Partition of India and the roles of various gamers concerned in implementing it. When it comes to Hindutva forces, they performed a big function in dividing India.

It’s true that Nehru performed an even bigger function in addressing the Kashmir drawback, however others, together with Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel, had been equally concerned. Gandhi visited Kashmir within the first week of August 1947 and noticed a beacon within the valley amidst the communal conflicts throughout India.

“It’s on the soil of Kashmir that Islam and Hinduism are being weighed.” If each pull their weight appropriately and in the identical path, the chief actors will cowl themselves with glory, and nothing can transfer them from their joint credit score. “My sole hope and prayer are that Kashmir ought to turn into a beacon gentle to this benighted subcontinent,” Gandhi remarked.

Delhi was nonetheless tense when Sheikh Abdullah visited Mahatma Gandhi on November 27, 1947. Gandhi mentions it in his prayer assembly that very same night:

“Although there have been only a handful of Hindus and Sikhs in Kashmir, Sheikh Saheb took pains to hold them with him. He had been to Jammu, too. What had occurred there was most shameful for the Hindus and Sikhs. However that didn’t make Sheikh Saheb lose his steadiness. His go to to Jammu additionally bore good fruit. “And if the concord continued because it promised to, it could be a lesson in communal concord for the entire of India,” Gandhi stated.

Although many might not agree with Sheikh Abdullah’s try and safe autonomy for Kashmir, his confronting Jinnah and the Muslim League, and standing for a united India shouldn’t be undermined. We discover his parallel solely in Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan.

And we should always not neglect that Nehru was the person who groomed Sheikh Abdullah as a staunch nationalist and secularist chief.

“In 1937, I met Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for the primary time. He was on his manner from Lahore to the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP). At his behest, I accompanied him and spent a number of days within the Frontier the place I used to be launched to Badshah Khan (Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan) and others. Pandit ji took curiosity in our motion and prompt that we throw open our membership to members of each group,” Sheikh Abdullah writes in his autobiography, Aatish-e-Chinar. The end result was that the Muslim Convention was transformed into the Nationwide Convention.

The reality is that Maharaja Hari Singh was blocking Kashmir’s integration with India. He needed to stay impartial and averted accession. He even made a standstill settlement with Pakistan and entrusted the latter with the duty of operating its postal and telegraph companies. It was consistent with the British coverage of permitting large princely states corresponding to Hyderabad, Travancore-Cochin, and Jammu and Kashmir to stay impartial. Nevertheless, by April 1947, the British authorities deserted this coverage, and princely states had been left with the selection of becoming a member of one or the opposite dominion—India or Pakistan. Even then, Maharaja didn’t hand over his ambition of remaining free. On this enterprise, he had the help of the Muslim Convention and the Hindu Sabha. The previous functioned below the aegis of the Muslim League, and the latter was an affiliate of the Hindu Mahasabha.

Up to date paperwork reveal that Lord Mountbatten and the UK weren’t in favour of Kashmir’s accession to India, and even sabotaged the undertaking of expelling invaders in 1947 from the soil of Kashmir. In these dire circumstances, the Maharaja was unwilling to share energy with Sheikh Abdullah, the person who, along with his Nationwide Convention, was preventing alongside the Indian Military. It was Nehru who built-in Ladakh with the Indian Union. The Maharaja was too weak and misplaced Gilgit, the area’s most strategic space.

It must also be saved in thoughts {that a} plebiscite was provided to dissuade Jinnah from claiming Kashmir as a result of he was afraid of dropping a referendum. How may he count on the state to vote for Pakistan, which had by no means supported Partition? Nehru needed to supply it as a result of he was demanding a plebiscite in Junagadh and Hyderabad, the place there was no risk for Pakistan to win a referendum.

Is it honest to carry Nehru chargeable for a mistake he by no means dedicated?

(The writer is a senior journalist. He has expertise of working with main newspapers and digital media together with Deccan Herald, Sunday Guardian, Navbharat Instances and Dainik Bhaskar. He writes on politics, society, atmosphere and financial system)

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